Medical cannabis provides a government-regulated option for patients suffering from various conditions, illnesses and chronic pain.
Cannabinoids are the chemical ingredients produced by the cannabis plant. There are over 100 different cannabinoids identified, however the medical community has focused on delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Cannabinoid receptors are found most expressed in the immune system, the brain and have been identified by researchers to be found in the reproductive system, cardiovascular system, the peripheral nervous system, and the urinary and gastrointestinal tracts.
The cannabinoid Cannabidiol (CBD) is second only to THC when it comes to average volume in Cannabis. Recent research has shown CBD to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-anxiety properties without the psychoactive effects (i.e. the “high” or “stoned” feeling) that THC provides.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a neuroprotective chemical responsible for most of Cannabis’s psychological effects. It acts much like the cannabinoid chemicals made naturally by the body, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa
These are the two main varieties of the cannabis plant used as medicine. There are many original genetics of both varieties that come from many parts of the world. Within each of those varieties there are a huge number of individual strains, each with a different cannabinoid profile and medicinal effect.